Carlsbad Decrees


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In July 1819 the Austrian foreign minister, Klemens von Metternich, persuaded representatives from a select group of the larger states of the German Confederation to issue the Carlsbad Decrees, a series of resolutions that imposed a rigid discipline on German universities, established restrictions on the German press, and created a commission of inquiry to root out revolutionary activity in the confederation's member states. (The confederation consisted of thirty-nine states, including the...