Declaration and Resolves of the First Continental Congress

(1774)

The Declaration and Resolves of the First Continental Congress, adopted on October 14, 1774, is the Continental Congress's most important proclamation of principles and demonstrates the widening gap between the American colonists and their English motherland. Issued roughly six months before fighting broke out between the colonists and the British at Lexington and Concord, the Declaration and Resolves of the First Continental Congress reflects the colonies' continued attempts to remain loyal to the Crown while disputing the authority, or sovereignty, of Parliament to legislate for or tax the colonies without their representation.

The grievances that Congress articulates in its Declaration and Resolves repeat the complaints of the Stamp Act Congress and foreshadow those that the Second Continental Congress repeats and embellishes in the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration and Resolves expresses special concern over British taxation, perceived abuses of the...

Image for: Declaration and Resolves of the First Continental Congress

John Sullivan, who prepared the first draft of the Declaration and Resolves (Library of Congress)

View Full Size