Declaration of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam

(1945)

About the Author

The Declaration of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam was authored by Ho Chi Minh, who played a crucial role in the founding of the Vietnamese Communist movement. Ho was born as Nguyen Sinh Cung in the province of Nghe An, now in central Vietnam, in 1890. His father, a relatively poor scholar-official, inculcated in him patriotic and anti-French views. In 1911 he sailed to France but failed to be admitted to the École Coloniale in Paris, thereafter earning his living aboard ships. After a short time in London, at the end of World War I he arrived in Paris and circulated in the Vietnamese expatriate community and in French Socialist circles. He adopted a new name, Nguyen Ai Quoc (Nguyen the Patriot), and became a founding member of the French Communist Party in 1921. During this period he worked as a writer, journalist, and newspaper publisher.

Trained as a Comintern (Communist International) agent in Moscow in 1923, Ho was assigned positions...