Freedom Charter of South Africa

(1955)

The Freedom Charter is the key document in the struggle against apartheid in the Republic of South Africa. Drafted by a small committee, on the basis of a vast number of submissions, and adopted at the Congress of the People, held at Kliptown outside Johannesburg on June 25–26, 1955, the Freedom Charter acquired enormous symbolic importance as a visionary statement setting out what a future democratic South Africa—not centered on distinctions of race—should look like. The document became especially significant in the 1980s, when those whose philosophy was based on the charter,...