Gamal Abdel Nasser on the Nationalization of the Suez Canal

(1956)

About the Author

Gamal Abdel Nasser was born in Alexandria, Egypt, on January 15, 1918. As a child, he moved frequently because of his father's employment with the postal service. As a high school student, he was politically active and was already asserting the anti-British, pro-nationalist viewpoints that would define his career. He began his career as a military officer; his first battlefield service was during the Arab-Israeli War in 1948. In 1949 he was part of the delegation that negotiated the cease-fire agreement with Israel, but he regarded the terms of the agreement as a humiliation for Egypt. After the war, he was deeply involved in the Free Officers Movement, a small group consisting of just fourteen military officers whose ultimate aim was to overthrow Egypt's monarchy and establish a republic. The Free Officers Movement accomplished its goal in 1952 with the removal of King Farouk I, Egypt's ruler. Nasser's colleague Muhammad Neguib was named president of new...

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The Red Sea at the entrance to the Suez Canal (Library of Congress)

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