Gamal Abdel Nasser on the Nationalization of the Suez Canal(1956)
About the Author
Gamal Abdel Nasser was born in Alexandria, Egypt, on January 15, 1918. As a child, he moved frequently because of his father's employment with the postal service. As a high school student, he was politically active and was already asserting the anti-British, pro-nationalist viewpoints that would define his career. He began his career as a military officer; his first battlefield service was during the Arab-Israeli War in 1948. In 1949 he was part of the delegation that negotiated the cease-fire agreement with Israel, but he regarded the terms of the agreement as a humiliation for Egypt. After the war, he was deeply involved in the Free Officers Movement, a small group consisting of just fourteen military officers whose ultimate aim was to overthrow Egypt's monarchy and establish a republic. The Free Officers Movement accomplished its goal in 1952 with the removal of King Farouk I, Egypt's ruler. Nasser's colleague Muhammad Neguib was named president of new...
The Red Sea at the entrance to the Suez Canal (Library of Congress)View Full Size