George H. W. Bush: Address to the Nation on the Commonwealth of Independent States

(1991)

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On Christmas Day 1991 the president of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Mikhail Gorbachev, resigned his post, declaring the presidency of the USSR defunct and recognizing the dissolution of the Soviet Union. His resignation marked the culmination of a number of dramatic geopolitical events that had dominated the news in the late 1980s and early 1990s. Cracks in the Soviet sphere of influence began to emerge when the pro-Soviet governments in Hungary and Poland collapsed. In...