Malcolm X: “The Ballot or the Bullet”(1964)
So today, though Islam is my religious philosophy, my political, economic, and social philosophy is Black Nationalism.… If we bring up religion we’ll have differences … but when we come out here, we have a fight that’s common to all of us against an enemy who is common to all of us.
The political philosophy of Black Nationalism only means that the black man should control the politics and the politicians in his own community.… The time when white people can come in our community and get us to vote for them so that they can be our political leaders and tell us what to do and what not to do is long gone. By the same token, the time when that same white man, knowing that your eyes are too far open, can send another negro into the community and get you and me to support him so he can use him to lead us astray—those days are long gone too.
The political philosophy of Black Nationalism only means that if you and I are going to live in a Black community—and that’s where we’re...
Malcolm X (Library of Congress)View Full Size