Press Release Announcing U.S. Recognition of Israel

(1948)

Context

U.S. recognition of Israel took place amidst complex historical circumstances. Global, regional, domestic political, religious, and perhaps even personal factors figured into Truman's decision to recognize the Jewish state without fully consulting or informing numerous key individuals in the State Department or at the United Nations. To fully appreciate the context of Truman's decision, each of these areas needs to be considered individually and collectively.

The end of World War II was accompanied by massive changes on the global political landscape. Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan had been compelled to accept unconditional terms of surrender. Germany was divided up among the victorious Allies in the West and fell under Communist control in the East. Japan was occupied and stripped of all military capacity. On the Allied side, France and the United Kingdom, though victorious in war, began to lose their colonial empires and were rapidly replaced by two new...

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The Press Release Announcing U.S. Recognition of Israel (National Archives and Records Administration)

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