Press Release Announcing U.S. Recognition of Israel(1948)
The immediate impact of Truman's recognition of Israel was profound, particularly for the Israelis. Truman received Israel's first president, Chaim Weizmann, in the White House in May 1948 within a few days of Israel's declaring its independence. Weizmann's presidential status was fully honored, and Truman promised him a loan of $100 million for the economic development of the new Jewish state. Two years later, Israel and the United States agreed on a Mutual Security Act, which included a second grant of $65 million.
But beyond the symbolism and much-needed financial support, the U.S. position on Israel was often ambivalent and sometimes even contradictory for several years. Truman was satisfied to leave an arms embargo in place against Israel after its establishment and similarly supported United Nations mediation efforts in the 1948 Arab-Israel War (also known as the War of Independence) at the very moment that Israel was pressing a military advantage on the...
The Press Release Announcing U.S. Recognition of Israel (National Archives and Records Administration)View Full Size