Proclamation of the Algerian National Liberation Front

(1954)

On November 1, 1954, the National Liberation Front (Front de libération nationale, or FLN) issued a proclamation, which declared Algeria's separation from France, sparking a brutal eight-year war of independence. The Proclamation of the Algerian National Liberation Front marked the beginning of the end of Algerian severance from French rule, a process that had begun decades earlier. That process crescendoed in 1951 when several smaller groups joined to create the Algerian Front (Front algerien). However, the coalition fell apart in 1954, and a small militant group calling for armed rebellion formed the Revolutionary Committee for Unity and Action (Comité révolutionnaire d'unité et d'action) with headquarters in Cairo, Egypt. Between March and October 1954 the group divided Algeria into six military districts and selected commanders to launch direct action against France. On November 1, the Revolutionary Committee for Unity and Action changed its name to the National...

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Charles de Gaulle (Library of Congress)

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