Reform Edict of Urukagina

(ca. 2350 BCE )

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The societal reforms of Urukagina (ca. 2350 BCE), Sumerian king of Lagash, were preserved over the millennia on six inscriptions found on five ceremonial clay nails and an oval clay plaque. (The Sumerians often wrote their documents on all types of objects, including ceremonial maces and statues and other items not normally considered media for writing.) The reforms were written in Sumerian, the world's earliest written language. There are at least three versions of the Reform Edict of...