René Descartes: Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason

(ca. 1637)

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René Descartes (1596–1650) published Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason, and Seeking Truth in the Sciences in 1637. It is a key document in the early-modern separation of science from theology and is generally acknowledged to be a pivotal moment in the advance of science. Descartes has often been dubbed the father of both modern philosophy and analytical geometry, and he was a crucial figure in the scientific revolution that was born in the seventeenth century....