Resolutions of the National Congress of British West Africa

(1920)

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Throughout the latter half of the nineteenth century, Britain’s colonial policy of indirect rule in Africa relied on indigenous leaders who served as intermediaries between British governors, the cadre of elite missionary-educated Africans who worked directly for the government, and common Africans. At the beginning of the twentieth century, the British altered their policy by systematically withdrawing support from African elites, who were then replaced by whites. During this period...