Taft-Hartley Act

(1947)

The passage of the Taft-Hartley Act, also called the Labor-Management Relations Act, over President Harry Truman's veto on June 23, 1947, ended the national policy established with the enactment of the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act) in 1935. Under this policy, the federal government had supported workers' self-organization into unions and for collective bargaining. Unions increased their membership more than fourfold between 1933 and 1945 thanks in part to the National Labor Relations Act, the friendliness of the New Deal Democratic administration of Franklin D. Roosevelt, and the expansion of the economy during World War II. The campaign of business organizations to amend the National Labor Relations Act, begun after the Supreme Court declared the law constitutional in 1937, was renewed in earnest after World War II. After a year of numerous strikes, some of which found unions and Truman seriously at odds, the Republicans campaigned on the slogan “Had Enough?”...

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Robert A. Taft (Library of Congress)

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