Great Muscovite Law Code

(1649)

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The Ulozhenie, or Great Muscovite Law Code, was Muscovite Russia's main legal code, issued by Alexis I Mikhaylovich (“Alexei Mikhailovich” in the document) in 1649. Its full title, Sobornoe Ulozhenie, literally means “Collected Code of Laws.” It replaced the Sudebniki (law codes) of Ivan III Vasilyevich (1497) and Ivan IV Vasilyevich (1550). These codes had promoted state centralization and the rise of state and legal bureaucracies. The Ulozhenie—a complex document running well over two...