Jackie Robinson: I Never Had It Made


Please purchase for access to the document text and analysis


For much of its history, MLB did not permit African American players in its ranks. There were a few scattered examples of African American or Hispanic players in the nineteenth century, including Moses “Fleetwood” Walker and Bud Fowler, but by the 1890s an unwritten rule forbade people of color from participating in Organized Baseball. In response, black ballplayers formed their own professional clubs, playing each other as well as white semiprofessional teams. Talented stars like the...