Muhammad al-Mawardi: “On Qadis”

(ca. 1045–1058)

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Islamic jurisprudence encompasses the study and interpretation of Islamic law. Muslims may seek information regarding the rules and regulations of Islam from a number of sources. Chief among them is the Qur’an (the sacred scripture of Islam). Muslims believe that the Qur’an, from an Arabic word that means “the recitation,” is the literal word of Allah. It was revealed to the prophet Muhammad by the archangel Jibrail (Gabriel) beginning in 610 until his death. The Qur’an consists of 114...