Aristotle: Constitution of Carthage

(ca. 320s BCE)

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The chief document that deals with the Constitution of Carthage is the eleventh chapter of the second book of Aristotle’s Politics (ca. 335–323 bce). This work is a response to the political philosophy of his teacher, Plato, and furthers the attempt to describe an ideal organization for a national government. In Politics Aristotle develops his idea of how cities should function from his discussion of how people ought to live, giving real-world examples of well-governed cities (Sparta, Crete,...