Ely Parker: Report on Indian Affairs to the War Department


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In 1867, responding to several tragedies in Indian affairs during the Civil War, including the 1862 Dakota War and the 1864 Sand Creek Massacre, General Grant asked Parker, who had served informally as his adviser on Indian matters since the war ended, to develop an agenda for the reform of the BIA. In response, Parker proposed a four-point plan for “the establishment of a permanent and perpetual peace, and for the settling of all matters of...