Enuma Elish

(ca. 1500 BCE)


  • Ansar: Anu’s father and the leader of the gods opposed to Tiamat
  • Anu: the sky god
  • Anunnaki: the gods who are loyal to Anu
  • Apsu: the first king of the gods
  • Apsu: the freshwater of springs and rivers
  • Ea: the son of Anu and the father of Marduk, the storm god
  • Kingu: a captured god whose blood Ea uses to make the first human
  • Marduk: the storm god and the chief god of the Babylonians
  • Mummu: a descendant of Apsu and Apsu’s prime minister
  • Tiamat: the salt ocean

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