Executive Order 9981: Desegregation of the Armed Forces


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On July 26, 1948, President Harry S. Truman issued Executive Order 9981 with the intent of “Establishing the President's Committee on Equality of Treatment and Opportunity in the Armed Forces.” The purpose of Executive Order 9981, then, was twofold. One purpose was to declare that it would be the policy of the United States to provide equality of opportunity for members of the armed forces without regard to race, color, religion, or national origin. In this sense, armed forces desegregation...