Han Feizi

(ca. 230 BCE)

Please purchase for access to the document text and analysis

About the Author

As a descendant of the royal Han family that ruled over the state by the same name, Han Fei (ca. 280–233 BCE) not only held a keen interest in the political developments of his time but also had a personal stake in the outcome. He allegedly stuttered, which placed him at a serious disadvantage against his more eloquent rivals. Turning to writing to communicate his ideas, Han Fei composed a series of memorials to his relatives advising them on how to strengthen the Han state,...