Immanuel Kant: “What Is Enlightenment?”

(1784)

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Enlightenment is man's emergence from his self-imposed immaturity. Immaturity is the inability to use one's understanding without guidance from another. This immaturity is self-imposed when its cause lies not in lack of understanding, but in lack of resolve and courage to use it without guidance from another. Sapere Aude! “Have courage to use your own understanding!”—that is the motto of enlightenment.

Laziness and cowardice are the reasons why so great a propIortion of men, long after nature has released them from alien guidance (naturaliter maiorennes), nonetheless gladly...


Source: Immanuel Kant. Perpetual Peace and Other Essays on Politics, History, and Morals....

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