James Monroe: Second Annual Message to Congress


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Explanation and Analysis of the Document

Most of Monroe's Second Annual Message to Congress, distributed on November 16, 1818, focuses on one of the major controversies of Monroe's presidency, the invasion and occupation of Florida by American forces led by Major General Andrew Jackson. It was an uncomfortable problem for Monroe, who preferred to be viewed as a peacemaker but who saw Jackson's situation as similar to the one he himself had been in when he was ambassador to France. Many...