McCulloch v. Maryland


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The pivotal 1819 U.S. Supreme Court decision in McCulloch v. Maryland affirmed the power of Congress to incorporate a national bank. Federalism, the division of sovereign power between national and state governments, produces perpetual tension over the degree of power possessed by each level of government. Creating such a division in 1787, the framers of the Constitution could offer only an impressionistic blueprint. Granting the new national government power with regard to several broadly...