Miranda v. Arizona


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  • adversary system legal system, as in the United States, in which opposing parties contest each other before an independent judge
  • certiorari a writ issued by an appellate court calling up a lower court case for review; the way most cases reach the U.S. Supreme Court
  • exculpatory regarding evidence, tending to establish innocence
  • inculpatory regarding evidence, tending to show guilt or involvement in a crime