Plato: “Allegory of the Cave”

(ca. 380 BCE)

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The “Allegory of the Cave” of Plato's Republic was written during a dynamic and important time in Greek political and cultural history as well as in Plato's own life. Plato wrote The Republic, along with his other middle dialogues, sometime between 380 and 360 BCE. By this time his mentor, Socrates, had been dead for at least nineteen years, and Plato had established his own school, the Academy (383 BCE), and had traveled over a large extent of the Mediterranean world, encountering the...