Rig Veda

(ca. 1700–1200 BCE)

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The audience of the Rig Veda was limited almost exclusively to kings and especially Brahmins; they are the people who are primarily represented in the text. Indeed, the Rig Veda can give only an incomplete picture of the ancient Indian society that produced it because it was composed by and for an elite class of men, leaving out the voices of women and people outside the Aryan class system. But since the Aryans were nomadic and built temporary dwellings out of wood, they left behind...