Custom Sourcebook: Western Civilization II 1500 - present

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Read the Spring 2019 update by Eric Cunningham

Table of Contents

Unit 1: The Emergence of the Modern West

Pope Boniface VIII: Clericis Laicos and Unam Sanctam (1296 and 1302)
Giovanni Boccaccio: The Decameron (ca. 1350–1353)
Jean Froissart: The Chronicles of Froissart (ca. 1357–1400)
Giovanni Pico della Mirandola: Oration on the Dignity of Man (1486)
Desiderius Erasmus: The Praise of Folly (1509)
Martin Luther: Ninety-five Theses (1517)
John Calvin: Institutes of the Christian Religion (1536)
Saint Ignatius of Loyola: The Spiritual Exercises (1548)
Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent (1564)


Unit 2: The Growth of Western Civilization

Surrender Treaty of the Kingdom of Granada (1491)
Christopher Columbus: Letter to Raphael Sanxis on the Discovery of America (1493)
A Journal of the First Voyage of Vasco da Gama (1497–1498)
Requerimiento (1513)
Niccolò Machiavelli: The Prince (1513)
Dutch Declaration of Independence (1581)
James I: Speech on the Divine Right of Kings (1609)
Charter of the Dutch West India Company (1621)


Unit 3: From Scientific Revolution to Enlightenment

Henricus Institoris and Jacobus Sprenger: Malleus maleficarum (1486)
Paracelsus: Concerning the Nature of Things (1537)
Nicolaus Copernicus: On the Revolutions of the Celestial Spheres (1543)
Fama Fraternitatis (ca. 1610)
Galileo Galilei: Starry Messenger (1610)
Letter of Cardinal Bellarmine to Paolo Antonio Foscarini concerning Galileo’s Theories (1615)
René Descartes: Discourse on the Method of Rightly Conducting the Reason (ca. 1637)
Great Muscovite Law Code (1649)


Unit 4: The Enlightenment

John Locke: Second Treatise on Civil Government (1690)
Voltaire: Candide (1759)
Jean-Jacques Rousseau: The Social Contract (1762)
Denis Diderot: Supplement to the Voyage of Bougainville (1772)
Declaration of Independence (1776)
Immanuel Kant: “What Is Enlightenment?” (1784)
Marquis de Condorcet: Outlines of an Historical View of the Progress of the Human Mind (1795)


Unit 5: An Age of Revolution

Thomas Paine: Common Sense (1776)
Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès: What Is the Third Estate? (1789)
Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen (1789)
Olympe de Gouges: Declaration of the Rights of Woman and of the Female Citizen (1791)
Napoleonic Code (1804)
Imperial Catechism (1806)


Unit 6: The Triumph of Bourgeois Consciousness

Edmund Burke: Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790)
Johann Gottlieb Fichte: Addresses to the German Nation (1808)
Holy Alliance (1815)
Percy Bysshe Shelley: “A Defense of Poetry” (1821)
Giuseppe Mazzini: General Instructions for the Members of Young Italy (1831)
Alexis de Tocqueville: Democracy in America (1835)
People’s Charter (1838)
John Stuart Mill: On Liberty (1859)
Pope Pius IX: Syllabus of Errors (1864)


Unit 7: Industrialization and Its After-effects

Adam Smith: The Wealth of Nations (1776)
Leeds Woolen Workers Petition (1786)
Louis Blanc: The Organization of Labor (1839)
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels: Communist Manifesto (1848)
Michael Faraday: Letter to the Editor of the [London] Times (1856)
William Acton: Prostitution Considered in Its Moral, Social, and Sanitary Aspects (1857)


Unit 8: The Apex of Modern Civilization

Lin Zexu: “Moral Advice to Queen Victoria” (1839)
Henry David Thoreau: “On the Duty of Civil Disobedience” (1849)
Queen Victoria: Proclamation concerning India (1858)
Giuseppe Mazzini: An Essay on the Duties of Man: Addressed to Workingmen (1860)
Charles Darwin: The Descent of Man (1871)
Victor Emmanuel: Address to Parliament (1871)
Jane Addams: "The Subjective Necessity for Social Settlements" (1892)
Friedrich Nietzsche: The Will to Power (1901)


Unit 9: The Age of New Imperialism

Cecil Rhodes: Confession of Faith (1877)
Bernhard von Bülow on Germany's “Place in the Sun” (1897)
Joseph Conrad: Heart of Darkness (1899)
Rudyard Kipling: “The White Man's Burden” (1899)
Karl Pearson: National Life from the Standpoint of Science (1901)
Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine (1904)
George Orwell: Burmese Days (1934)


Unit 10: The Great War

Friedrich von Bernhardi: Germany and the Next War (1911)
Austro-Hungarian Ultimatum to Serbia and the Serbian Reply (1914)
Zimmermann Telegram (1917)
Woodrow Wilson: Fourteen Points (1918)
Treaty of Versailles (1919)
Wilfred Owen: Poems (1920)
Erich Maria Remarque: All Quiet on the Western Front (1928)


Unit 11: Totalitarianism

Vladimir Lenin: What Is to Be Done? (1902)
Rudolf Steiner: Theosophy (1904)
Adolf Hitler: Mein Kampf (1926)
José Ortega y Gasset: The Revolt of the Masses (1930)
Sigmund Freud: Civilization and Its Discontents (1930)
Benito Mussolini: “The Doctrine of Fascism” (1932)
Joseph Stalin: “Results of the First Five-year Plan” (1933)
Reinhard Heydrich: Memorandum concerning Kristallnacht (1938)


Unit 12: World War II

Adolf Hitler: Proclamation to the German People (1933)
Winston Churchill: “We Shall Fight on the Beaches” Speech (1940)
Franklin D. Roosevelt: "Pearl Harbor" Speech (1941)
Japan's Fourteen-part Message (1941)
Joseph Goebbels: “Nation, Rise Up, and Let the Storm Break Loose” (1943)


United Nations Charter (1945)
Potsdam Conference Protocols (1945)


Unit 13: The Cold War

Winston Churchill: Iron Curtain Speech (1946)
Harry S. Truman: Truman Doctrine (1947)
Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948)
Warsaw Security Pact (1955)
Nikita Khrushchev: Secret Speech (1956)
John Foster Dulles: Address on U.S. Policy toward Communist China (1957)
Helsinki Final Act (1975)


Unit 14: The West and the “Global” World

Benjamin R. Barber: “Jihad vs. McWorld” (1992)
Treaty on European Union (1992)
Osama bin Laden: Declaration of Jihad against Americans (1996)
Condoleezza Rice: "Transformational Diplomacy" (2006)
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change: Fourth Assessment Report on Climate Change (2007)
M. Jay Wells: “Why the Mortgage Crisis Happened” (2008)
Alexander Jung: “Ponzi Planet: The Danger Debt Poses to the Western World” (2012)


Unit 15: Postmodernism and the End of History

Alexander Solzhenitsyn: “A World Split Apart” (1978)
Jean-François Lyotard: The Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge (1979)
Alasdair MacIntyre: After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory (1981)
Fredric Jameson: Postmodernism; or, The Cultural Logic of Late Capitalism (1991)
Francis Fukuyama: The End of History and the Last Man (1992)