Muhammad al-Mawardi: “On Qadis”

(ca. 1045–1058)

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Muhammad al-Mawardi’s “On Qadis” is taken from Kitab al-ahkam al-sultaniyya (Ordinances of Government), a classic work on Islamic law that covers, among other topics, the appointment of sovereigns, military leaders, and qadis, or Islamic law judges, and their rights, responsibilities, and duties as well as issues related to wars and uprisings, taxation, and crimes and punishments. The book is one of several written in the tenth and eleventh centuries, part of the popular...