Benito Mussolini: “The Doctrine of Fascism”

(1932)

Italy’s leader and head of the Fascist Party, Benito Mussolini, had always resisted attempts to codify Fascism. Yet when the Enciclopedia italiana (“Italian Encyclopedia”) required an article defining Fascism, it became necessary to publish something that would give an appearance of thought and process behind what was essentially a constantly changing way of running the country. The result was Mussolini’s article “The Doctrine of Fascism,” published in 1932 and written with the help of Giovanni Gentile; in fact, it has been suggested that Gentile was the actual author of the...

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Benito Mussolini (Library of Congress)

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