Bible: Exodus

(1250 BCE)

The biblical book known in English as the book of Exodus is the second book of the Pentateuch section of the Old Testament, and it contains one of the core narratives of the Bible, namely, the departure of the Israelite slaves from Egypt and their encounter with God at Mount Sinai. The book of Exodus relates how, under the leadership of Moses and his brother, Aaron, the Israelites make their escape from the Egyptian pharaoh and how, just as Pharaoh’s army attempts to recapture them, the soldiers drown through the intercession of God, while the Israelites are able to cross the “Red Sea” and survive their journey through the Sinai. Exodus is therefore a story of divine deliverance as well as the story of the Israelites’ gradual awakening to their divinely appointed destiny. Yet despite numerous miracles performed by God on their behalf, the Israelites’ understanding of that destiny is at best imperfect, and the covenant relationship they have entered into with God is often...

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Moses, holding the tablet with the Ten Commandments (Library of Congress)

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