Bible: Letter of Paul to the Galatians

(ca. 48–52)

The apostle Paul wrote his Letter to the Galatians either just before or just after the Jerusalem Council (49 CE), the pivotal event in the missionary expansion of Christianity to the Gentiles (non-Jews). Prior to the council, the majority of Christians were Jews who believed in Jesus as messiah. For these Jewish Christians, a prerequisite for receiving salvation through Jesus was adherence to Torah (the Law), namely, the 613 mitzvoth (commands) given by God to Moses at Mount Sinai. Some of these commands, notably circumcision, the dietary laws, and the Sabbath laws, visibly marked...

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Saint Paul (Yale University Art Gallery)

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