(1752 BCE)Commentary by Stephanie M. Langin-Hooper, University of California, Berkeley
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The Code of Hammurabi was written around 1752 BCE in Babylonia—modern-day Iraq—by King Hammurabi of the First Dynasty of Babylon and was carved onto a monumental stone stela. At that point in time, Hammurabi had just finished conquering several powerful states to establish his own kingdom as the preeminent power in the ancient Near East. Hammurabi was in the process of solidifying his kingdom, a course of action that depended on his fulfilling the role of a good Mesopotamian king by...
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