Code of Hammurabi (Long Version)

(1752 BCE)

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Context

Prior to Hammurabi's reign, Babylonia—then known as “Sumer and Akkad”—was in prolonged political turmoil. Many city-states were ruled by kings of Amorite descent (their origins being land west of Sumer and Akkad) who had seized power from native Sumerians and Akkadians during the political upheaval. Isin and Larsa were two of the most powerful cities. Each was able to build a small kingdom, yet neither ever controlled all the cities of Sumer and Akkad. Babylon, which before this...