Analects of Confucius

(ca. 479–249 BCE)

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Explanation and Analysis of the Document

Compiled over the course of several centuries, the Analects reached their final form around the third century BCE. Although it is considered the authoritative source of Confucius’s teachings, authorship is attributed to his many disciples, some of whom became teachers with their own disciples. The Analects presents moral lessons taught through maxims and brief conversations between master and disciple. By posing questions—many of them rhetorical—and...