Constitution of Haiti

(1801)

The 1801 Constitution of Haiti, promulgated in the wake of the Haitian Revolution that had begun in 1791, was the first in a series of some twenty-three constitutions that have been adopted in that nation. Haiti, at the time called Saint Domingue, had been a French colony since the late seventeenth century; the name Haiti, from the indigenous name Ayiti (“mountainous land”) was adopted at independence in 1804. Along with Jamaica, Haiti produced the bulk of the world's sugar in a plantation economy built on the backs of slaves imported from Africa. The Haitian Revolution was...

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Toussaint Louverture (Library of Congress)

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