Constitutions of Clarendon


In January 1164, King Henry II of England held a council at his palace at Clarendon where he presented to his nobles and bishops a document now known as the Constitutions of Clarendon. The Constitutions of Clarendon were part of Henry II's effort to formalize and record unwritten laws that had previously been adhered to through custom and tradition alone. The Constitutions comprise sixteen clauses, or articles, that report and refine the standing laws of the kingdom with regard to judicial issues such as the jurisdiction of courts. Scholars generally agree that the Constitutions of...

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Henry II (New York Public Library)

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