Constitutions of Clarendon(1164)
The twelfth century was a tumultuous time in England. Controversies surrounding the succession to the throne threw the country into a long civil war. Henry I died in 1135, leaving one legitimate daughter and heir, Matilda, and several illegitimate children. Matilda was quickly dismissed as Henry I's successor: She was married to Geoffrey of Anjou, a region in France, whose family was regarded as traditional enemies of the Normans, who had ruled England for a hundred years, so England's relationship with the rulers of France was strained. Also, ruling queens were rare at this...
Henry II (New York Public Library)View Full Size