Covenant of the League of Nations(1919)
The League of Nations described in the Covenant did, in fact, come into existence and for twenty years sought, with decreasing success, to contain the pressures leading to conflict between nations. The effects of the Covenant were immediate. In 1920 the first session of the League was held, and by the end of the 1920s it had begun to engage in several successful projects (such as halting Greece's invasion of Bulgaria in 1925, ending the Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay in the 1930s, and initiating the World Court). League programs to abolish drug trafficking were active and even benefited from the activities of the United States, a nonmember. The League did indeed function, despite the misgivings of many. (During negotiations for the Treaty of Versailles and the League Covenant, the French premier George Clemenceau was famously skeptical of its eventual success.) Part of the League's failure must be attributed to the lack of strength given the organization as...
Jan Smuts (Library of Congress)View Full Size