Emanuel Swedenborg: Invitation to the New Church

(ca. 1760–1772)

About the Author

Emanuel Swedberg was born in Stockholm on January 29, 1688, the son of Jesper Swedberg, a Lutheran clergyman who later became a bishop. Educated at Uppsala University, the young Swedberg manifested initial interest in science and engineering, drawing up plans for a submarine and a glider aircraft; a model based on his design for the latter is in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C. In 1716 he was appointed to a position on the Royal Swedish Board of Mines, later becoming assessor, and he held this position until his resignation in 1747. He would later write a treatise on iron and other metals. In 1719 the family was ennobled, taking the name “Swedenborg,” and Emanuel took his place in the Riddarhuset, or “House of Nobility” (then equivalent to Great Britain’s House of Lords). He was a regular attendee throughout his life, making contributions on financial and economic matters and on foreign affairs until about a year before his death.

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Cardinal Richelieu, who helped finance the Thirty Years‘ War (Library of Congress)

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