Endangered Species Act

(1973)

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On December 28, 1973, President Richard Nixon signed into law An Act to Provide for the Conservation of Endangered and Threatened Species of Fish, Wildlife, and Plants, and for Other Purposes, otherwise known as the Endangered Species Act. Throughout the twentieth century, naturalists and environmentalists were witnessing the extinction or near extinction of such species as the bison, the whooping crane, and even the bald eagle—the nation's symbol. While piecemeal attempts had been made...