Enuma Elish

(ca. 1500 BCE)

Explanation and Analysis of the Document

Enuma Elish tells one continuous story, beginning with the world coming into being, continuing through conflict between the generations of the gods, and culminating in Marduk’s being enthroned as the champion and ruler of the gods and his creation of human beings. The seventh and last tablet of Enuma Elish (which is not treated here directly) gives a list of Marduk’s cultic names and epithets. Note that the text is highly repetitious compared with most modern writing (perhaps owing to the conditions of performance of the original work). This...

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The ruins of Babylon (Library of Congress)

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