Enuma Elish

(ca. 1500 BCE)

Document Text

The First Tablet

When in the height heaven was not named,

And the earth beneath did not yet bear a name,

And the primeval Apsu, who begat them,

And chaos, Tiamat, the mother of them both

Their waters were mingled together,

And no field was formed, no marsh was to be seen;

When of the gods none had been called into being,

And none bore a name, and no destinies were ordained;

Then were created the gods in the midst of heaven,

Lahmu and Lahamu were called into being […]

Ages increased, […]

Then Ansar and Kisar were created, and over them […]

Long were the days, then there came forth […]

Anu, their son, […]

Ansar and Anu […]

And the god Anu […]

Nudimmud, whom his fathers, his begetters […]

Abounding in all wisdom, […]

He was exceeding strong […]

He had no rival—

Thus were established and were […] the great gods.

But Tiamat and Apsu were still in confusion […]

They were troubled and […]

In disorder […]

Apsu was not diminished in might […]

And Tiamat roared […]

She smote, and their deeds […]

Their way...

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The ruins of Babylon (Library of Congress)

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