Executive Order 9066: Japanese Internment

(1942)

About the Author

Executive Order 9066 is the work of Franklin D. Roosevelt, who as chief executive set its drafting in motion, approved its provisions, and signed it but played no part in its composition, which was principally the work of Henry Stimson, the secretary of war, and John McCloy, the assistant secretary of war.

Roosevelt was the only person to be elected president of the United States for four consecutive terms. He was born to wealth in Hyde Park, New York, on January 30, 1882. He graduated from Harvard in 1904 and from Columbia Law School in 1907. He served as assistant secretary of the navy from 1913 to 1920, during Woodrow Wilson's administration, and in 1920 he was the unsuccessful Democratic candidate for vice president. The next year, Roosevelt, at age thirty-nine, was permanently crippled by poliomyelitis. He could walk only short distances wearing heavy leg braces and with considerable difficulty, and he was confined to a wheelchair until his death in...

Image for: Executive Order 9066: Japanese Internment

Executive Order 9066 (National Archives and Records Administration)

View Full Size