James Madison: Federalist 51



The original aim of the Federalist Papers was to elect pro-Constitution delegates to the New York state ratification convention. The intended audience was the merchants of New York City, whose support was essential if the upstate Antifederalists were to be defeated. This effort ultimately failed. Only nineteen Federalists were elected from New York City, while forty-six Antifederalists were elected from upstate, led by Governor George Clinton. The papers were printed in only a dozen papers outside of New York, and their influence on the overall vote was minimal.


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James Madison (Library of Congress)

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