Gerald Gardner: Book of Shadows

(ca. 1953)

The Wiccan Book of Shadows is often attributed to the British author Gerald Brosseau Gardner. Gardner declared that in 1939 he was initiated into a coven of witches in Highcliffe, England, who claimed to be followers of an ancient faith that had preserved pre-Christian pagan religion. This “Old Religion” taught a magical worldview and worshipped the gods of ancient times. It was called Wica (pronounced “witcha”) and had survived over millennia, despite being driven underground during the witch hunts of early-modern Europe. Gardner sought to publicize his newfound faith and soon...

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The goddess Diana (Yale University Art Gallery)

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