(ca. 1400)

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The initial audience for the teachings described in the gZi-brjidwas most likely monastic practitioners of Tibetan Bon in the time of Londen Nyingpo and after. These practitioners must have been willing to commit to several years of hermetic retreat to master the techniques sketched out in these verses. The larger audience for the text over time, however, has been adherents of Bon and others in the modern world—thanks to translations of the text that have enabled scholarship and made...