Heart Sutra

(ca. 250–400)

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The Heart Sutra is one of several texts that are classed as Prajnaparamita Sutras, or “Perfection of Wisdom” texts. Perfection of Wisdom scriptures are associated with the first expression of the ideas related to a radical shift in the focus of Buddhism that arose in India around the beginning of the first millennium. Adherents promoted this new perspective by calling it Mahayana (translated as “great vehicle”) as a way to express their sense of the superiority of their views over earlier...