Hernán Cortés: Second Letter to Charles V(1520)
In order, most potent Sire, to convey to your Majesty a just conception of the great extent of this noble city of Temixtitlan, and of the many rare and wonderful objects it contains; of the government and dominions of Moctezuma, the sovereign: of the religious rights and customs that prevail, and the order that exists in this as well as the other cities appertaining to his realm: it would require the labor of many accomplished writers, and much time for the completion of the task. I shall not be able to relate an hundredth part of what could be told respecting these matters; but I will endeavor to describe, in the best manner in my power, what I have myself seen; and imperfectly as I may succeed in the attempt, I am fully aware that the account will appear so wonderful as to be deemed scarcely worthy of credit; since even we who have seen these things with our own eyes, are yet so amazed as to be unable to comprehend their reality. But your Majesty may be assured that...
Source: Oliver J. Thatcher, ed. The Library of Original Sources: 9th to 16th Centuries, vol. 5. Milwaukee: University Research Extension, 1907.
Aztec priest making sacrificial offering of a living human heart to the war god (Library of Congress)View Full Size